These are the terms that I believe that are most often used, defined, and carried in this field, in contemporary times of the modern English language spoken in the United States of America.Even in our own country, there are dialectic variations of terminology that can confuse definitions, so this is by no means an exact science.
So I've created a series of pictures and drawings to illustrate knife components, parts, and anatomy.
This will help with conversations and knowledge about knives in general, and educate about common current and historic knife components, leading to easier conversations about custom knives, their construction, shapes, features, and details.
I mostly deal with Nihonto (Japanese swords) these days, but still have a great Damascus knife collection. I do not claim any elitist title, degree, or qualifications for naming and describing these terms, only my thirty years experience as a professional custom knifemaker.
I'll be looking into buying one from you sometime soon. In the profession that I have, a substantial amount of research, study, and historic perspective is necessary.
Most of these terms are pretty well established, but may not correlate with historical norms.